The Deal with Accordion and Canfield
In Accordion, the move of one card may undercover another that makes possible another move of a matching card from the right. Some players vary the game by matching and moving to the third card from the left instead of the adjacent card. Others move the entire pile with the top card when it matches and is moved to another card.
The player wins the game if he succeeds in moving all of the cards into one pile.
Canfield is one of the most familiar of all Solitaire games, and derives its name from the famous Saratoga gaming house of R.A. Canfield, where it was introduced in the last decades of the 19th century.
To lay out the cards for playing, a player deals 13 cards face down in one pile and then turns the pile face up to form the stock. The next card, dealt face up to the right of the stock, is called the first foundation. Four more cards, which form the tableau, are dealt face up in a row below the foundation and to the right of the stock.
During the course of play, the other foundation cards must be played when they appear. For example, if the first foundation card is a six the three other sixes in the pack become the other foundation cards must be played when they appear.
For example, if the first foundation card is a six, the three other sixes in the pack turn out to be the other foundation cards and are played in a row to the right of the first. Each foundation pile is thereafter built upon in ascending sequence of the same suit, with the sequence constant ‘around the corner’ from queen to king, to ace, to deuce, and so on.
This game aims to build each of the four foundations to its full 13 cards, and with this in mind; cards are played to the foundations whenever possible. After the stock, the first foundation card, and the tableau have been dealt, the remainder of the pack is held face down in the hand.
The player then begins taking three cards at a time from the top of the pack and placing them face up in a pile that is known as the talon. The top card of the talon is always available for playing, and when it has been played, the card beneath it immediately becomes available.
As the play continues, cards are played either from the stock or talon to the foundation or the tableau. The tableau piles are built down in sequence, black on red and red on black, say, a six of spades on a seven of diamonds. Whenever possible, cards must be played to the foundation, and as a general rule cards should be played from the stock instead of the talon when a player has a choice.
If a card that can be played on a foundation is uncovered in the tableau, it must be played to the foundation. Cards within the tableau itself may also be moved. For example, when the highest card of a pile is of opposite color and instantaneously lower than the lowest card of some other pile, the entire lower pile may be transferred to the higher one.
If a tableau pile is cleared off and a space remains, the space must be filled by a card from the stock pile, or from the talon if the stock pile has been worn out.